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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 9 Chapter 2

The Truth about Chocolate

متن را با دقت بخوانید، معنی کلمات قرمز رنگ را حدث بزنید و سوالات انتهای صفحه را پاسخ دهید.

If you ever crave chocolate, you’re not alone—millions of people around the world admit to being ““chocolate addicts.” But have you wondered if this addiction is damaging to your health? Let’s separate the myths from the facts concerning this popular food.

Eating chocolate makes you happier

It’s not your imagination. Chocolate contains over three hundred known chemicals, which stimulate areas of the brain that enable us to feel pleasure. Chocolate contains small amounts of theobromine, which help to enhance your mood, and caffeine, which gives you more energy and is also found in coffee and tea.

Chocolate makes you fat

Chocolate is commonly regarded as a fattening food that contains no nutritional value. In fact, cocoa beans are full of antioxidants that are beneficial to health. However, they undergo a lot of processing to remove their distinctive bitterness, which also removes a large portion of the antioxidants. Most store-bought chocolates have high sugar and fat content, and only small amounts of cocoa. Eating these and other high-calorie chocolate desserts, like cakes and cookies, can indeed cause you to gain weight.

Chocolate is good for your heart

There have been studies in recent years linking chocolate to a healthy heart. Cocoa contains chemicals called flavanols which fight heart disease by lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels. But you’ll have to consume dark chocolate with a high proportion of cocoa if you want to see the benefits, or just eat more fruits and vegetables, which contain flavanols as well and in higher amounts. “If you want to reduce your heart disease risk, there are much better places to start than at the bottom of a box of chocolates,” says Victoria Taylor from the British Heart Foundation.

Chocolate gives you pimples

Despite what you might have heard from your mother or grandmother, there is absolutely no evidence that chocolate gives you pimples or acne. It’s not chocolate that causes problems, but the highly-processed nature of the products containing chocolate, and their high levels of sugar and fat. While it’s great that chocolate isn’t to blame, bad skin could still indicate a bad diet.

Chocolate causes tooth decay

This is another myth that just won’t go away. It’s not chocolate itself that causes tooth decay, but the sugar in chocolate products—and bad teeth-brushing habits! In fact, it is believed that cocoa butter forms a coating over our teeth, and this might actually protect rather than hurt them.

As with most things, chocolate only becomes a danger when you overdo it. It’s important to remember that Most of the health benefits of chocolate come from cocoa, which is why dark chocolate is the healthiest option. So choose your chocolate wisely, eat it in moderation, and you’ll get the best of both worlds—happiness AND health.

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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 9 Chapter 1

A Brief History of Chocolate

متن زیر را با دقت بخوانید و به سوالات انتهای صفحه پاسخ دهید.

One of the most beloved foods in the world, chocolate is not just a modern treat. In fact, chocolate—or rather, cacao seeds—has been part of our culinary history for thousands of years.

More than 2,000 years ago in Central America, the Mayan people began consuming a drink made from cacao seeds. There was no sugar in America in those days, and so they flavored the drink with chili peppers and other spices. It was called xocolatl, meaning bitter water. The Mayans used xocolatl for important rituals, such as religious ceremonies or weddings, and believed that 10 consuming it would enhance their health and cure illnesses. Caco seeds became highly valued throughout Central America, and were even used as currency’ by the Aztecs.

On his fourth voyage to America in 1502, the explorer Christopher Columbus landed in what is now called Nicaragua. He was the first European to discover cacao seeds being used as money, but he did not consider it very significant. It was only later, in the 16th century, that another 15 explorer, Hernando Cortez, saw cacao’s value, and brought the drink and the equipment used to make it back to Spain. The Spanish didn’t quite take to the bitter taste, and added other ingredients such as sugar and vanilla, so that chocolate more closely resembled the sweet treat we know today.

As popular as chocolate was in Spain, it didn’t spread to the rest of Europe until nearly a hundred years later, when a Spanish princess married the French king and made chocolate fashionable. By the 17th century, the chocolate drink had gained widespread popularity in France, 25 and an ambitious Frenchman opened the first chocolate house in London. Soon, chocolate drinks were sold everywhere in London, and English bakers began using it in cakes —the first mention of chocolate being eaten and not drunk.

But the biggest development in modern chocolate consumption happened by accident in 1828. C. J. van Houten, a Dutch chemist, discovered a method for making powdered chocolate when he 30 tried to extract oils from cacao to make the drink smoother. This product became known as “cocoa powder.” Not long after, in 1847, a British man named Joseph Fry developed “eating chocolate,” which were chocolate bars made of cocoa powder, cocoa butter, and sugar. This led to the first milk chocolate bars, sold by Nestle, a Swiss company. These were created by adding condensed milk2 to Fry’s chocolate bar recipe. Fry’s company, Fry & Sons, was later bought by Cadbury. Today, Nestle and 35 Cadbury remain the world’s leading chocolate producers.

Chocolate hasn’t lost its popularity, and has yet to stop evolving. Stop in your local specialty chocolate shop and you might find chocolates filled with fruit jellies and even flower petals. Food scientists have made chocolate sauces that can harden in seconds, and chocolate bars that don’t melt in hot weather. For people who cannot live without chocolate, scientists have added the smell m and taste to products like soap, perfume, toothpaste, and lipstick. As world-famous chocolatier Jacques Torres once said, “Chocolate is a magical product.”

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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 8 Chapter 2

متن زیر را با دقت بخوانید، سپس به سوالات انتهای صفحه پاسخ دهید.

The Right job for your Personality

Choosing a career is an important life decision, yet many people settle on one based on the opinions of friends and family. it’s very difficult to find something you really enjoy doing, but scientists have devised tests to help people come closer to finding their dream job.

One of the most widely-used tests is the Holland Code. Psychologist John Holland worked for more 5 than 50 years to develop his theories about personality and career choice. He created a set of six personality types to help people understand what careers might be best for them. Dr. Holland believed that people work best in environments that match their personalities, and the key to finding a satisfying career is to match your fundamental interests with an occupation.

Take a look at the six personality types below and see which jobs might be right for you. Most people io are a combination of two or three types.

Realistic

Realistic people like to work with things they can see or touch. They are inclined to solve problems by doing them, rather than thinking or talking about them. They generally like to work outside 15 and are good with tools, machines, plants, and animals.

Job matches: carpenter, chef, nurse, pilot

Investigative

People of this personality type value ideas and are strong at tasks that allow them to investigate facts and figure out complex problems. They are better at individual 20 work like research and study, rather than leading groups of people or working in teams.

Job matches: computer programmer, historian, psychologist, surgeon

Artistic

Artists are creative people. They don’t work well with structure and rules, and thrive instead in environments that allow 25 communication and a free flow of ideas. They enjoy tasks that allow them to express themselves and mix with people.

Job matches: actor, art therapist, graphic designer, writer

Social

Social personalities love to 30 work with people. They get the most satisfaction out of teaching and helping others, and are driven to serve the community as opposed to making money.

Job matches: coach, counselor, social worker, teacher

Enterprising

Many great leaders and business people have enterprising personalities. These are persuasive people who are good at making decisions and leading teams. They tend to value money, power, and status, and will work toward achieving them.

Job matches: business owner, event manager, lawyer, salesperson

Conventional

Conventional people appreciate rules and regulations, and like having structure to their lives. They are logical thinkers and have a lot of self-control, making them the perfect people to work with data and details.

Job matches: accountant, analyst, editor, librarian

Nowadays, anyone can take a Holland Code personality test online to find what jobs might be right for 45 them. Why not try it today?

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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 8 Chapter 1

9
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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 8 Chapter 1

متن زیر را بخوانید و به سوالات پاسخ دهید

1 / 3

Which best describes Zac’s energy drink juice?

2 / 3

Who did Whitney sell her first product to?

3 / 3

Acording to the articleT how many employees does Green Mobile have?

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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 7 Chapter 2

متن را با دقت بخوانید و به سوالات انتهای صفحه پاسخ دهید.

For the records: Album Reviews

In this month’s For the Record, we review a selection of classic records that created a revolution in the music world. Each of these records appeared in the top 10 of Rolling Stone magazine’s 500 greatest albums of all time.

The Beach Boys — Sunset (1966)
Length 35:57

When The Beach Boys released Sunset, they were already famous for their all-American image and California-style “surf pop” sound. However, Sunset showed how the band had grown stronger and more mature in their music. Not only did
they use more instruments than usual, they used a variety of sounds such as baby cries and trains to create their music. The album features the hit songs “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” and “God Only Knows,” and inspired another great album—the Blue boys’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.

In short: This is a great record for both fans and general listeners.

Marvin – What’s Going On (1971)
Length 35:38

In the late 1960s, American soul singer Marvin saw many problems around him— war, poverty, homelessness, the negative effects of drug use—and
felt the need to make a statement. What’s Going
On
is written from the perspective of a war veteran and the songs comment on social problems in a way that soul music never had before. Marvin’s record
company was sure the record—his 11th—would fail, but the title track was very successful, and so was the record. What’s Going On was the first of many
soul records to take on social issues.

In short: This is an important record for any music fan. Focus your attention on the lyrics to really understand the music.

Bob Dylan – Highway 61 Revisited (1965)
Length 51:26

In his early career, Bob Dylan was considered a folk music hero. He was known for his live shows, playing the acoustic guitar, and singing songs about everyday life. Named for the road he grew up on, Highway 61 Revisited is very different from Dylan’s earlier sound. On the record, Dylan plays an electric guitar and sings songs about politics and culture in America in the 1960s. Many fans were shocked by this change, but the record affected the course of
music forever.
In short: Buy this classic album for Dylan’s poetic lyrics.

The Clash – London Calling (1979)
Length 65:07

Pop pioneers The Clash crossed many music boundaries with their third album, London Calling. While the band kept their original pop sound, these
songs also incorporate bits of classical, folk, pop, and country. The Clash were known for expressing their political views through their music, and London Calling comments on many problems in Britain at that time. This album showed that pop can and should be taken seriously.

In Short: This album is a great introduction to pop
but for true fans, spend your money on the rare
live-music recordings.

4
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آزمون Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 7 Chapter 2

1 / 25

Check True or False.

The four records are said to be very important in music history.

2 / 25

Is the family income important to the development of the child’s brain?

3 / 25

I think it’s important to ________ that The World Cup  is not just about The World Cup.

4 / 25

Which of these is an academic skill?

5 / 25

One technique for remembering new English words is _____.

6 / 25

If something is a revolution it changes people’s ideas _____

7 / 25

The Clash released two albums before London

8 / 25

Highway 67 Revisited is named for the store where
Bob Dylan bought his guitar.

9 / 25

Marvin inspired the Blue boys to make an album

10 / 25

Check True or False.

The Beach Boys sound more mature in their album
Sunset

11 / 25

The Mark and The Ramon were pioneers of pop music. In other words, they came __________ in the movement.

12 / 25

Which is an example of statement?

a Is that the right thing todo?

b What you are doing is wrong.

13 / 25

Who is likely to create an album?

14 / 25

Mature people usually have ______ experience.

15 / 25

When a book is released, who is able to see it?

16 / 25

Everyone (accept / except) Paul is going to the concert on Friday night.

17 / 25

If you visit Madrid, I would (advice / advise) you to stay in a guesthouse
near the Retiro Park.

18 / 25

Marta gave me some good (advice / advise) for my trip to Spain

19 / 25

If you incorporate A into B, you:

20 / 25

A fence creates a boundary__________ a home.

21 / 25

Smoking and drinking too much can have a negative (effect / affect) on
your health.

22 / 25

Smoking and drinking too much can (effect / affect) your health in a negative way.

23 / 25

I’m free at 8:00. Can we meet (then / than)?

24 / 25

Graciela is older (then / than) Lucia.

25 / 25

Ben. this is a lovely gift, but I can’t (accept / except) it. It’s too expensive!

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Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 1 Chapter 1

For Better Grades Use Your Brain!

ACTIVE2U2CH1-cover

breadwinner
the member of a family who earns the money that the family needs.
e.g. Men are often expected to be the breadwinner in a family.

If you’re like most students, you probably started this new academic year with a resolution to study harder. Now, science can help you keep your resolution. Recent discoveries in brain research point to better ways to learn.

How does the brain save new information? Think of the last time someone told you their phone number. Could you remember that number five minutes later? Probably not! That’s because it was in your short-term memory.

Our memory actually has three components Sensory memory takes in information from our five senses and is stored for just a few seconds while our brain processes it. Shortterm memory works “holding area” for new information—that’s where you keep the phone number while you dial you can put the phone number into longterm memory, you’ll remember that same phone number next week. This part of your memory holds everything from irregular verbs to the names of all your cousins.

When you study, you transfer new information into long-term memory. Every time we learn something new, the structure of the brain actually changes as we build new connections to information that we already know. When there are more connections to the new information, it’s easier to find it again.

Brain researchers have discovered four key points for effective study

  • Make an effort. The brain remembers better when we are interested in the subject, already know a little about it, and Know we will need the information in the future.
  • Find the most important information and organize it Your brain can process only a limited amount of information at one time, so don’t try to remember every detail. When studying a textbook, look for titles, headings, and illustrations to show you the main ideas.
  • Make the new brain connections stronger. One technique is to recite the ideas out loud in your own words. This is the most powerful way to transfer information from short-term to long-term memory. Another method is drawing a picture of the information to activate the visual part of the brain.
  • Give the new material time to soak in—your brain has to build new physical connections. For this reason, it’s better to study for several short sessions than one long one. And cramming the night before a big test doesn’t help.

By understanding how the brain works, and following these four tips, you can make this your most successful academic year ever.

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سوالات Active Skills for Reading 2 Unit 1 Chapter 1

1 / 16

Which topic is NOT discussed in the passage?

2 / 16

According to the passage, what does drawing a picture do?

3 / 16

Which sentence is most likely to be true?

4 / 16

Check (✓) True or False.

When we learn new facts, we save them in our long-term memory.

5 / 16

Check (✓) True or False.

You remember better if you start studying a long time before a test.

6 / 16

Check (✓) True or False.

Our brains change physically when we learn new information.

7 / 16

Our brains change physically when we learn new information.

Saying new information out loud is a good way to remember it.

8 / 16

Check true or False.

You don’t have to memorize every small detail to learn a subject.

9 / 16

Some components of a healthy life are ____________ .

10 / 16

Which of these are long-term plans?

11 / 16

You can transfer money ________.

12 / 16

You need to make an effort if a task is _____

13 / 16

If you use effective ways to study, your grades will get ______.

14 / 16

The structure of something is how it is ______.

15 / 16

One technique for remembering new English words is _____.

16 / 16

Which of these is an academic skill?

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